|» Location :
||336 km From Jodhpur, Rajasthan
|» Built In :
|» Significance :
||Capital City of Rajasthan State
|» Best Time To Visit :
||October To March
Founded in AD 1727 by Sawai Jaisingh II, Jaipur the capital of Rajasthan
is popularly known as the Pink City
with broad avenues and spacious
gardens. The capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is steeped in history and
. Here the past comes alive in magnificent forts and
palaces, blushed pink, where once lived the maharajas. The bustling bazaars
of Jaipur, famous for Rajasthani jewellery, fabric and shoes, possess a
timeless quality and are surely a treasure-trove for the shoppers. This
fascinating city with its romantic charm takes you to an epoch of royalty
and tradition. The imperial city, replete with amazing
legends of romance and heroism
. A land where the past thrives
still. This is the fortified city of Jodhpur, standing a wary sentinel to
the great Thar Desert. Beckoning you to the wilderness of fascinating dunes,
rocky terrain and thorny vegetation.
Once the capital city of
the Marwar state, it was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodhaji - chief of the
Rathore Clan of Rajputs who claimed descent from Lord Rama. A major trade
centre of 16th century, the city, today, has grown to become the second
largest city of Rajasthan, retaining the medieval splendour.
city is encompassed by a high wall, 10 km. long with eight gates. Within the
city, atop a rocky hill, stands the massive fort, 120 mtrs. above the
plains. Packed with history, art and culture, this princely state is a
treasure - trove of some exquisite palaces, forts, temples and havelis -
standing a testimony to the imperial grandeur. But what entices the most in
Jodhpur is the traditional lifestyle, festivity and smiling people.
The City Palace :
Attractions of Jaipur
In the heart of the old
city is former royal residence built in a blend of the Rajasthani and Mughal
styles. The carved arches are supported by grey-white marble columns ornate
with floral motifs in gold and colored stones. Two carved elephants in
marble guard the entrance. The retainers whose families have served
generations of rulers serve as guides. The palace houses a museum with a
superb collection of Rajasthani costumes and armory of Mughals and Rajputs.
The palace also has an art gallery with an excellent collection of miniature
paintings, carpets, royal paraphernalia and rare astronomical works in
Arabic,Persian,Latin and Sanskrit, acquired by Sawai Jai Singh II to study
astronomy in detail. Govind Devji Temple :
the north of Chandra Mahal in the midst of the sprawling Jai Niwas Garden is
the spireless temple of Lord Krishna. The idol wsa brought from Vrindavan
and installed here by Sawai Jai Singh II as the tutelary deity. Today, the
temple attracts devotees, from all over the country.
delightful system of fountains is placed in the middle of the paved path
between the Chandra Mahal and the Badal Mahal. The palace has extensive and
sprawling gardens. Amer Fort :
At a short
distance of 11 kms . from Jaipur, the Amer Fort complex stands amidst wooded
hills overlooking the Delhi-Jaipur highway, with its forbidding ramparts
reflected in the still waters of the Maota Lake below. One of the finest
examples of Rajput architecture, it was the ancient capital of the Kachhawah
The original palace was built by Raja Man Singh and
additions were made later by Sawai Jai Singh. Within the palace are the
Diwan-e-Aam or the "Hall of Public Audience", the Diwan-e-Khas or
the "Hall of Private Audience" and the Sukh Niws where a cool
breeze blows across channels of water for the purpose of air-conditioning.
Hawa Mahal :
The Hawa Mahal, or the "Palace of Wind"
built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799 A.D. is characterised by
elaborate and fanciful architecture. The broad pyramidical facade comprises
five storeys of semi octagonal overhanging windows with perforated screens,
domes and spires. Ram Niwas Garden Central Museum
(or Albert Hall Museum) :
Situated in the spacious and beautiful
Ram Niwas Garden, the museum has a rare collection of art facts and craft
items such as metalwork, ivory carvings, cane wood articles and exquisite
pieces of jewellery, textile, pottery and paintings. It is particularly rich
in specimen of embossed, hammered and chiselled brass wares.
building was designed by Colonel Sir Swinton Jacob in the modern
Indo-Saracenic style and was built in 1886 A.D. when King Edward VII visited
as the Prince of Wales.
|» Places to
Stay in Jaipur
There are several budget hotels and paying guest accommodations
available in Jaipur.
Indian Airlines connect Jaipur with
Delhi, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Aurangabad, Bombay, Varanasi, Calcutta, Ahmedabad.
Jaipur is connected by rail with
Delhi, Agra, Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Abu Road (Mount Abu), Udaipur, Bombay and
Sawai Madhopur. Road :
Good motorable roads
connect Jaipur with Delhi 258 km, Agra 236 km, Bikaner 321 km, Udaipur 405
km, Ajmer 131 km, Jodhpur 316 km, Bharatpur 176 km, Jaisalmer 638 km and
Bombay 1202 km
Like most other north Indian cities, Jaipur too has extreme
climate. The summers can be very hot with mercury crossing 45 degree,
whereas winters are chilled and the temperature can fall below 5 degrees.